Can you get a woman pregnant while taking testosterone
Testosterone replacement therapy TRT can be life-changing. Widely recognized as the best treatment for low testosterone , TRT can significantly improve mood, energy, and libido, helping you feel like yourself again. Does testosterone therapy make you sterile? In some cases, yes. Most men experience a significant decrease in sperm count when taking TRT—which is why testosterone is being studied as a form of male birth control.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Testosterone in women
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Testosterone Use and Fertility IssuesContent:
Can Testosterone Help You Get Pregnant?
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Clue is on a mission to help you understand your body, periods, ovulation, and so much more. Start tracking today. Some people including some healthcare practitioners incorrectly think that taking testosterone is a form of contraception. Many transgender men and nonbinary or genderqueer AFAB assigned female at birth people take testosterone as a form of gender affirmation therapy. Testosterone is not a form of birth control. Relatively few trans men have become pregnant and given birth.
The science of gender affirming hormonal treatments and surgeries is quite new, so there is still much to learn. Here is the most up-to-date knowledge about testosterone therapy and the possibility of conception.
Most of it comes from small studies, surveys, and expert opinions from specialists in the trans health and reproductive field. More large scale research is needed. Transitioning is a big and exciting decision which will affect the rest of your life. Before choosing to hormonally or surgically transition, you may want to consider fertility-preservation options, such as egg and embryo freezing 1,2. If you want the option to have genetically-linked children in the future, but are unsure about carrying them, talk with your healthcare provider about your fertility options.
If you already started using testosterone and want to preserve your fertility freezing eggs or embryos may be an option. A Swedish study on a small group of trans men who underwent fertility preservation therapy to harvest and freeze their gametes eggs demonstrated that this is possible 3. Seven of the men were on testosterone before they started their fertility preservation therapy.
They had to stop taking testosterone, wait for their period to restart, and begin additional hormonal treatments 3. While this fertility preservation therapy was capable of retrieving and freezing eggs, the changes were distressing for some of the participants who found the restoration of menstruation, gynecological exams, and being naked particularly difficult and stressful 3.
Testosterone is not a form of birth control 4,5. Even AFAB people who have been on testosterone for a while and who no longer have periods can still get pregnant. Three quarters of these pregnancies were planned, meaning that one quarter of these pregnancies were unplanned 6.
This highlights the fact that taking testosterone is not a form of birth control. Trans men and AFAB nonbinary people who have not had a hysterectomy removal of the uterus or oophorectomy removal of the ovaries should continue to use contraception if they are having penis-in-vagina sex and want to avoid pregnancy.
Prior testosterone use did not affect their chances of having a healthy pregnancy or birth compared to a cisgender non-trans woman 6. Another study looked at the ovary structure of 40 transgender men who had been taking testosterone for more than one year on average 7.
These results were similar to a previous study of cisgender women 7,8. The previous study only focuses on people who actually conceived. Some researchers warn that some people may not be able to resume ovulation after stopping testosterone use, and this may depend on their age and how long they've been using testosterone 1. More research is needed. If you are taking testosterone and have not had a hysterectomy removal of the uterus or oophorectomy removal of the ovaries , then you need to use contraceptives if you are having penis-in-vagina sex.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists ACOG recommends that trans men who have the potential to become pregnant should be offered all forms of contraception, just the same as cisgender women 4. This means that trans men can take hormonal birth control , even if they are taking testosterone at the same time. There are no known interactions or contraindications 4.
According to ACOG, many transmasculine patients chose to use progestin-only contraceptive methods, like the hormonal IUD , the contraceptive injection, or the contraceptive implant 4. Periods can be a source of gender dysphoria for some people, and testosterone does not always cause menstruation to stop immediately. Copper IUDs can also be an option for trans people on testosterone who want to avoid additional hormones, but it's only recommended for people whose periods have stopped 4.
In a US survey of trans men, 3 in 5 reported using contraception either currently or in the past, with condoms being the most popular form of birth control , followed by the contraceptive pill in second place 9. Testosterone is actually teratogenic meaning it can cause birth defects to a fetus. If you are taking testosterone and think you may be pregnant, speak to your healthcare practitioner as soon as possible. If you are pregnant, avoid starting testosterone, as it will harm the developing fetus 5.
Working with a healthcare provider, some time may be needed to restore normal ovulation and menstruation, and additional medical interventions may be required for your desired pregnancy 6. Whether you want to avoid pregnancy or are trying to conceive, we recommend you discuss your needs with your healthcare provider, and plan accordingly. If you menstruate, you might be concerned about how the COVID epidemic could impact your cycle or access to period All hormonal contraceptives are associated with changes in menstrual bleeding patterns.
We looked into the research to find out about the side effects, risks, and benefits of the implant, the intrauterine Is it painful to have an IUD inserted? Can an IUD get lost inside of me? Your questions about Is it painful to have an implant inserted? Will the implant get lost inside of me?
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About Clue. App Store Play Store. Top things to know Testosterone is not a form of birth control Some people including some healthcare practitioners incorrectly think that taking testosterone is a form of contraception Testosterone may cause birth defects to a fetus Many transgender men and nonbinary or genderqueer AFAB assigned female at birth people take testosterone as a form of gender affirmation therapy.
What to know before starting testosterone therapy Transitioning is a big and exciting decision which will affect the rest of your life. Testosterone and pregnancy Testosterone is not a form of birth control 4,5. Using birth control while on testosterone If you are taking testosterone and have not had a hysterectomy removal of the uterus or oophorectomy removal of the ovaries , then you need to use contraceptives if you are having penis-in-vagina sex.
You might also like to read. Birth Control How every method of hormonal contraception affects your period All hormonal contraceptives are associated with changes in menstrual bleeding patterns. Culture Seed Cycling: I tried it. And dug into the research on whether it works. Birth Control Here are all of your hormonal birth control options We looked into the research to find out about the side effects, risks, and benefits of the implant, the intrauterine Birth Control The birth control implant: myths and misconceptions Is it painful to have an implant inserted?
Low Testosterone & Fertility
It takes two to make a baby. Although a woman will carry and deliver the child, a man also has a crucial role in pregnancy. For fertilization to occur, his sperm must be healthy and strong to reach and penetrate the woman's egg. A problem in any step in this process can prevent pregnancy.
Testosterone has a variety of functions and is commonly used in older men to treat symptoms of hypogonadism, such as decreased libido, decreased mood and erectile dysfunction. Despite its positive effects on sexual function, it has a negative effect on fertility. Exogenous testosterone therapy can negatively affect the hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal axis and inhibit the production of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. The purpose of this review is to discuss the contraceptive properties of testosterone therapy and to discuss strategies to increase testosterone in men with the desire to preserve fertility.
Testosterone Effect on Sperm
It is involved in muscle and bone development, hair growth, and development of sex organs such as the penis and prostate. Testosterone is also required for sperm production. This medical condition is also called hypogonadism. A low T level is one that is below the normal range, which can very widely. It is measured with a blood test. Some signs or symptoms of low testosterone are problems with erections or decreased sex drive. Testosterone levels should be checked early in the morning, and an abnormal test should be repeated. Men with low T levels and symptoms of low T can consider treatment. Men with low T can be treated with medicine through shots, gels, patches, or implantable pellets.
Testosterone Use And Male Infertility
The secret to increased IVF success could be hiding in male hormones. Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , the research details how several fertility clinics across the country have begun to administer testosterone by patch or by gel on the skin to increase the number of eggs produced by women who are undergoing IVF. According to Stephen R. They might actually be doing something useful. First, they found that testosterone prevents follicles from dying at an early stage by ramping up a molecule that stops cells from self-destructing.
As we age, the hormones produced by the ovaries decline, and our chances of getting pregnant decrease. The most common hormones monitored and used to treat infertility are estrogen and progesterone. But there is another important hormone that is produced by the ovaries and is getting some attention to help improve fertility : A growing number of fertility clinics across the country are using testosterone to boost the number of eggs produced in women undergoing IVF.
How testosterone therapy affects fertility
Several fertility clinics across the country are beginning to administer testosterone, either through a patch or a gel on the skin, to increase the number of eggs produced by certain women undergoing in vitro fertilization IVF. Women are also purchasing the over-the-counter supplement DHEA, which is converted by the body into testosterone, to boost their chances of pregnancy with IVF. Lacking a large and convincing body of data on the topic, the jury is still out as to whether male hormones such as testosterone improve female fertility. Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , the research also details how male hormones boost the production of follicles in mice.
With the rise in testosterone supplement use, fertility doctors are warning men who would like to have children in the future to reconsider starting TRT. LH stimulates the testes to release testosterone. When in balance, testosterone works with follicle stimulating hormone FSH to help generate sperm. Men suffering from low testosterone may experience fatigue and low libido. As a result, TRT has been on the rise, with men of all ages using testosterone supplements.
Testosterone is a very important hormone in males. It is important for pubertal changes such as muscle and bone growth, hair growth and development of the sex organs. It plays a very important role in libido and sexual function. So when testosterone levels are low, especially when this is interfering with sex drive, sexual functioning and energy level, supplements are often prescribed. This may be as an injection, gel, patch or injectable pellets. Testosterone replacement is very effective at improving these symptoms. Marketing blitzes are propelling more men than ever before to take testosterone to combat signs of low testosterone low T is the popular term.
Low testosterone may result in low sperm production, but hormone replacement can affect it, too. Consider these steps to help boost fertility. You may already know that low testosterone can cause you to lose interest in having sex and to have weaker and fewer erections.
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However, what is a normal testosterone level can differ for individual men. Low testosterone is also known as hypogonadism, which can be present during fetal development or become apparent in childhood. Hypogonadism can cause a variety of problems. In adults, it can alter physical characteristics, such as decreased hair growth, and hamper normal reproduction.
Study Says Testosterone May Help More Women Get Pregnant
Testosterone level testing is a critical part of any fertility evaluation. In men, low testosterone is a potential cause of infertility. In women, high testosterone levels can signal a potential fertility problem. What causes high or low testosterone levels in men and women?
Jump to content. Testosterone can harm an unborn baby. A pregnant woman should avoid coming into contact with this medicine, or with a man's skin where the medicine has been applied. Topical testosterone is absorbed through the skin and can cause side effects or symptoms of male features in a child or woman who comes into contact with this medicine. Call your doctor if a person who has close contact with you develops enlarged genitals, premature pubic hair, increased libido, aggressive behavior, male-pattern baldness, excessive body hair growth, increased acne, irregular menstrual periods, or any signs of male characteristics. Misuse of testosterone can cause dangerous or irreversible effects. Never use more than your prescribed dose.